Many observers have asked both the Ukrainian government and the insurgents to seek peace, and ease tensions in Donetsk and Luhansk. [645] Russia criticised these reports, and said that they were "politically motivated". [216] The authenticity of the leaflet could not be independently verified. [265], In February and March 2014 Ukrainian authorities lost control of Crimea, which was then annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. [163] Pro-Russian leader Igor Bezler said that he executed all of the captured paramilitaries. Hospitals and residential buildings were heavily damaged, and many remaining residents took shelter in basements. The armed separatists beat women and children, looted homes, and carried off the stolen goods in trucks, according to eyewitnesses. [650] In August, Igor Druz, a senior advisor to pro-Russian insurgent commander Igor Girkin, said that "On several occasions, in a state of emergency, we have carried out executions by shooting to prevent chaos. [306] By 9 August, insurgent commander Igor Girkin said that Donetsk had been "completely encircled" by government forces. [271] Government forces broke through the insurgent blockade around Donetsk airport on 23 July, and then advanced into the northwestern corner of Donetsk city. [261] The history classes were changed to give greater emphasis to the history of Donbass. [540] In October 2014, Internal Affairs minister Arsen Avakov told journalists that about 15,000 Ukrainian policemen in Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts had defected to the separatists. Over the next few days, fighting continued around Donetsk International Airport, whilst Donetsk city itself came under heavy shelling. [304] He also said that the railway station remained under government control, and that all railway traffic had been blocked. [411] Ukrainian forces said that there had been "no order to retreat" from the airport, and DPR parliament chairman Andrey Purgin said that while DPR forces had gained control of the terminal buildings, fighting was ongoing because "the Ukrainians have lots of places to hide". [124], By late October 2014 many banks and other businesses in the Donetsk People's Republic were shut and people were often left without social benefits payments. In the Ukrainian national elections, a remarkably stable pattern had developed, where Donbass and the Western Ukrainian region… The Donetsk-Luhansk “JCCCs” profess to be eager to cooperate with “all sides involved in the JCCC.” For its part, Kyiv is trying to bring Moscow back into the JCCC. [117], Insurgents occupied the city administration building in Stakhanov on 1 May. [320] Following this incident, the newly appointed prime minister of the DPR Alexander Zakharchenko said that his forces included 1,200 Russian-trained combatants. Sunday’s ballots in the Donetsk and Luhansk provinces received a 90 percent turnout, with rebels saying the results show citizens backed their regions' sovereignty. [585] According to media reports by late 2017 only a few dozen Serbs were then fighting in Ukraine and Syria. According to the Defence Ministry of Ukraine, the ROA has been in conflict with another pro-Russian militia, the Vostok Battalion, which accused the ROA of looting, and of avoiding combat. 28% said that such a conflict could happen in the future. According to the paper, a 33-year-old German citizen originally from Kazakhstan was killed in action by shrapnel during the battle of Debaltsevo, on 12 February 2015. [98] The city administration building was seized on 30 April, solidifying separatist control over Horlivka. ", "Ukraine and rebels to implement Minsk deal by September 1", "Ukraine ceasefire talks 'make significant progress, "A Bleak Future in Eastern Ukraine's Frozen Zone", "Ukraine conflict: Daily reality of east's 'frozen war, "Ukraine crisis: New ceasefire 'holding with eastern rebels, "Fresh combat casualties reported in eastern Ukraine despite ceasefire", "One Ukrainian serviceman killed in Donbas in past 24 hours", Ukraine rebels agree to new indefinite truce, Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine, based on information received as of 19:30, 4 January 2017, Militants shell Ukrainian army positions 32 times in past 24 hours, Kiev forces violate ceasefire three times over past 24 hours — news agency, The Best of the Worst: What 2016 Was Like for Donbas, "Fighting Flares in Avdiyivka: Epicenter of major escalation in Russia's war", "Vladimir Putin issues executive order recognising separatist 'authorities' in Ukraine", "Указ о признании документов, выданных гражданам Украины и лицам без гражданства, проживающим на территориях отдельных районов Донецкой и Луганской областей Украины", Russia accepts passports issued by east Ukraine rebels, Interview: OSCE Says Russian Move Undermines Ukraine Peace Efforts, "Russia's Lavrov says Feb. 20 ceasefire in Ukraine has been agreed", "East Ukraine ceasefire due to take effect", "ATO HQ: Truce disrupted, no conditions for withdrawal of arms", Monitor Says Ukraine Cease-Fire, Weapons Withdrawal Not Being Honored, Ukraine Says Two Soldiers Killed Despite Cease-Fire, Ukrainian military violate back-to-school ceasefire, one civilian injured – command, "Donetsk republic reports violations of truce by Ukrainian army hours after its declaration", "Ukrainian units abiding by ceasefire at Lugansk section of frontline", "Ukraine Fighting Pauses, Briefly, for Big Prisoner Exchange", "Ukraine Passes Bill To Restore Control Over Separatist-Held Areas", Parliamentary elections not to be held at nine constituencies in Donetsk region and six constituencies in Luhansk region - CEC, Ukraine crisis: President calls snap vote amid fighting, "Russia hysterical about Ukraine's Donbas law, says Kyiv "preparing for new war, "Ukrainian military observes ceasefire for 24 hours for first time in 2018", "Easter ceasefire" in Donbas fails on its first day with attacks on Ukrainian positions, In the DNR, Kyiv was accused of disrupting the "Easter" truce, In LNR they have accused siloviki of infringement of "easter" truce, "Poroshenko: ATO over, Joint Forces Operation starting", "Poroshenko pledges anti-terrorist operation in Ukraine's east to end in May", "Poroshenko states completion of ATO, launch of joint forces operation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions", "Poroshenko signs order on beginning of Joint Force Operation", "Anti-Terrorist Operation in Donbas to end in May - Poroshenko | The operation will gain a military format under the leadership of General Serhiy Nayev", "President signed a Decree: The Joint Forces Operation on deflection and deterrence of Russia's armed aggression in the Donbas began on April 30, 2018", Joint Forces Operation kicks off in Donbas, "U.S. To affect both Russia and Fascism: when the clock of the territory which is a door-to-door information! 105 ] in response, the insurgents had been elected as a result rockets near the Donetsk from! 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