Title: Microsoft Word - TortsI_Intentional_Qz Author: Tom W. Bell Created Date: 10/9/2008 9:01:46 AM An intentional tort is an intentional act committed by a defendant against another individual that the defendant specifically carried out to cause the other person harm. The person does not need to actually mean harm, but the other person ends up hurt anyway, such as in a prank. 2003. pixshark.com www.itsaboutmyjob.com majorleaguecollision.com- In August 1989, Richard Smith went to his dentist, Dr. Ron McGillivary, who chapter 4 (Intentional Torts: Injury to people and property ... What Are Examples of Intentional Torts? 3. The Tort of Negligence is a legal wrong that is suffered by someone at the hands of another who fails to take proper care to avoid what a reasonable person would regard as a foreseeable risk. An intentional tort differs from an unintentional tort in that the perpetrator of an intentional tort intends to bring about a specific result or consequence. Depending on the exact tort alleged, either general or specific intent will need to be proven. When Is a Tort Intentional? Kinds of Torts. Cite as: Mark Geistfeld, Rethinking Tort Liability for Suicides, JOTWELL (April 25, 2019) (reviewing Alex B. Negligent torts are not deliberate actions, but instead present when an individual or entity fails to act as a reasonable person to someone whom he or she owes a duty to. Exercises . Unintentional Tort: A type of unintended accident that leads to injury, property damage or financial loss. One of the ways torts are split up is by the mental state of the person that does the wrongdoing; for instance, torts often are caused by someone's negligence. Intentional torts occur when a person intentionally acts in a certain way that leads to another person's injury. Tort law is an area of law that allows an individual to sue another person or company because of injury or harm suffered. Trespassing – the act of using or occupying another person’s real property without permission. Intentional torts are wrongful acts done on purpose. Study Torts, Intentional torts and defenses flashcards online with Quimbee Flashcards. Types of Intentional Torts. 5. Intentional Action Resulting in Harm A person can act intentionally without necessarily meaning to cause harm, however, if an injury occurs, the perpetrator can be found liable. PLAY. Intentional torts comprise just one category of torts. Intentional torts include all of the following except: a. Slander b. Trespass c. False imprisonment d. Negligent conduct 2. Prep for a quiz or learn for fun! Study Intentional Tort flashcards and learn better. Related Rules . See also: tort Choose from 500 different sets of torts flashcards on Quizlet. Most civil liability is the result of negligence, but intentional torts can lead to much more serious damages or punishments. If a person is damaged by someone elses wrongful act, they can bring a claim for compensation against the person who commits the tort. Common intentional torts are battery, assault, false imprisonment, trespass to land, trespass to chattels, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. An example of an intentional tort is the ruling between Gawker and Hulk Hogan on March 18, 2016. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. A. Intentional Torts of Economic Relation. Yes. How do we decide when something is assault? What Is a Tort? What are some Common Intentional Torts? The related rules section is for members only and includes a compilation of all the rules of law in Quimbee's database relating to this key term. If the defendant in the civil lawsuit loses, he may be ordered to pay the injured party monetary damages. Negligence torts can include punitive damages, but this is rare. These interests are violated by the intentional torts of assault, Battery, trespass, False Imprisonment, invasion of privacy, conversion, Misrepresentation, and Fraud. Common intentional torts are battery, assault, false imprisonment, trespass to land, trespass to chattels, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. A defendant completes an intentional tort by intentionally causing some compensable damage, and so the causal rule in those cases necessarily involves the extent of damages as in the negligence case discussed above. Unintentional tort is negligence or malpractice. This is also known as “stealing” in many jurisdictions. An intentional tort which is the subject of criminal prosecution often results in a civil suit between the parties. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! The intentional tort is one in which a person has the intention of carrying out an action which causes harm to another person. Intentional Tort– a wrong committed by a person who knows and wants the resulting consequences. A "tort" is some kind of wrongful act that causes harm to someone else.This definition covers a wide range of actions, and the legal field of torts is split up into many different subcategories. 17. … Intentional tort: An intentional tort is a legal wrongdoing that is deliberate. A tort that requires an intentional act, as compared to negligence. Strict Liability Doctrine– states that people engaged in dangerous activity are liable. With intentional tort cases, however, the employer may only be sued if the tortfeasor’s action occurred within the scope of employment. An intentional tort is a category of torts that describes a civil wrong resulting from an intentional act on the part of the tortfeasor (alleged wrongdoer). Intentional torts have a broader scope, and the damages may be more generous because the defendant caused harm purposely rather than accidentally. Choose from 500 different sets of 4 intentional torts flashcards on Quizlet. DEFENSES TO INTENTIONAL TORTS: Consent: The consent by a plaintiff to a defendant’s intentional tort, whether orally or in writing, is a legitimate defense. taking a stop sign Malpractice: is negligence committed by a professional such as a nurse or physician. If D trespasses on land, and then during that trespass assaults the true owner, will a court find that D had intent to assault the true owner? FindLaw’s Torts and Personal Injuries section has resources to help you learn more about a wide range of torts. Also, the chance of punitive damages is higher with an … Businesses scan the environment looking for innovative ways to … Intentional tort A type of tort that can only result from an intentional act of the defendant. 1) Apprehension - does not have to include fear, believe that it will happen and its something you want to avoid 2) Imminent, means without significant delay 3) Must be able something you can reasonably accomplish 4) Words alone not usually not constitute assault 5) Transferred intent applies 6) Injury applied by apprehension - Nominal damages usually awarded, Intentional confinement or restraint of another against his or her will, however briefly, without legal justification, 1) Can be words or actions 2) Words victim fears to disobey 3) Not future action 4) Words of exclusion don't count (IE you can't go into the next room) 5) Actions can be physical restraint, body language, or placement of barriers) 6) Time of constraint can be tiny 7) Victim must be aware of confinement 8) Transferred intent applies 9) Damages awarded even if no injury, Defenses same as battery, also if you are unaware of victim's presence not assault, may be negligence, 1) Same as battery 2) Privilege to detain- state law, probable cause + sufficient evidence to trigger the privilege 3) reasonable manner and time, Intentional infliction of emotional distress definition, Intentional extreme and outrageous behavior that causes severe emotional distress to another, About intentional inflection of emotional distress, 1) Must be really really bad 2) Must have physical and psychological symptoms 3) Liability extends to unintended victims, Intentional and unauthorized entry into or remaining of the land to another, 1) Physical entry or placing an object on someone else's property 2) Includes air and subsurface 3) Trespass even if entered unintentionally once you refuse t leave 4) Even if you originally had authorization, once it is withdrawn it is trespass, 1) Liable for nominal damages even if no harm results 2) Liable for cost of repair of harm done, income lost, and/or diminished value of property, 1) Emergency circumstances IE assisting someone in need, avoiding imminent injury 2) Permission (express or implied) - license, invitation, Definition of trespass to chattels (personal property), intentional and unauthorized physical interference with the use of and/or harm to the personal property of another, 1) Must show actual injury 2) Larcenous intent not needed 3) Mistake of ownership is not a defense 4) Damages are costs of reapir, loss of rental value, etc, 1) Permission to use and/or devalue 2) Legal right (artisans lien), Intentional and unauthorized exercise of such dominion, control, and retention of the personal property of another that the owner is essentially deprived of all use of the property, 1) Extension of trespass to chattels 2) Can be failure to return property one was initially authorized to possess 3) If one purchases stolen property from the thief, he is still liable in conversion to the true owner of the property, 1) Same as trespass to chattels 2) Necessity - to protect the property from harm, to protect others from harm, Intentional publication of false information about another's property that causes economic loss to the property's owner, 1) Regarding the nature or quality of property (ie their burgers are made from horsemeat 2) Regarding the legal ownership of another's property ie you say they sell stolen watches, The unreasonable, improper, offensive, annoying, indecent, or unlawful use of real property by its owner or occupant which causes an unreasonable interference with another person's use and enjoyment of his or her real property (private nuisance) or causes an unreasonable interference with the health, safety, peace or comfort of the surrounding community (public nuisance), 1) Broad range of interpretations 2) Inconsistent area of law 3) Can include creating and disseminating sounds, smells, pollutants, and other emanations beyond tortfeasor's property 4) Conducting criminal activity can create a nuisance 5) Aesthetically offensive aspects of property not sufficient (however, ethnic slur signs in your front yard might be suffish) 6) Zoning and environmental laws have been enacted which control the common law rules of nuisance. In each case of intentional tort, the plaintiff must show that the defendant intended harm, but the intent to harm does not need to be directed at a particular person and need not be malicious, as long as the resulting harm is a direct consequence of the defendant’s actions. Fraud, misrepresentation, slander, libel and false imprisonment are all usually considered intentional torts. Intentional torts are willful acts that violate another’s rights. Examples of intentional torts include fraud, misrepresentation, false imprisonment, slander and libel, according to Nolo. Learn torts with free interactive flashcards. 18. Assault is an intentional tort to a person. Search. Intentional torts are wrongful acts done on purpose. 17. There are several forms of this tort, with the most common being misappropriation. 2. Intentional torts, such as battery or false imprisonment, are those that carry an element of intent. Intentional torts, as the name suggests, are legal wrongs that are committed on purpose (as opposed to by accident or through carelessness). There are many types of intentional tort with the most common being: 1. Start studying Tort Law. When a person commits a tort, they violate civil law. chapter 4 (Intentional Torts: Injury to people and property) Intentional Torts: Injury to people and property. An intentional tort is when an individual or entity purposely engages in conduct that causes injury or damage to another. False imprisonment is an intentional tort to a person. Battery – the illegal act of harmful or offensive contact with another person’s body. What is an Intentional Tort? Intentional Torts flashcards from Matthew Hogestyn's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. Log in Sign up. Most torts are caused by negligence or carelessness, but some are intentional. An intentional tort is a category of torts that describes a civil wrong resulting from an intentional act on the part of the tortfeasor (alleged wrongdoer). Case Study: Smith v. McGillivary Why did the Court dismiss Smith's case? B. Study Intentional Torts using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. Depending on the exact tort alleged, either general or specific intent will need to be proven. True. 2. 7 Intentional Torts . Restatement (Second) of Torts § 912. 1) "Offensive" - reasonable person std, clearly informed of lack of consent (ie i say don't touch me and you touch me) 2) "Injury" - Doesn't have to be physically quantifiable, offensiveness or emotional harm is enough, 1) Consent - express or implied (keep in mind scope) 2) Self-defense (real or reasonably believed) however must be reasonable counterforce and you may have duty of retreat 3) Defense of third party 4) Defense of property (reasonable) 5) Privilege conferred by position - dependent on circumstances (furthering job, emergency, reasonably necc), An intentional act that causes another person to have apprehension of an imminent battery. A. Long, Abolishing the … Log in Sign up. There are a few different ways of categorizing torts. STUDY. (D) is a true statement that would be relevant for vicarious liability purposes. Transferred intent applies only to the following intentional torts: battery, assault, false imprisonment, trespass to chattels, and traps to land. Tort cases serve two basic purposes. Intentional torts are wrongful acts done on purpose. Brainscape is an ideal study aid for drilling down facts and details effectively and, consequently, lends itself perfectly to the study of all branches of Law. If, for example, a nurse sexually assaulted a patient while at a hospital, the hospital could be held liable for the nurse’s actions. Occur when defendant takes action intending that certain consequences will result, or knowing they are likely to result Common Intentional Torts. For example, throwing a punch in a fight is intentionally engaging in destructive behavior. They: Permit the victim, known as the plaintiff, to obtain compensation for losses caused by the defendant, who is the person being sued. There are several intentional torts recognized by most states, including battery, assault, false imprisonment, intentional infliction of emotional distress, trespass to land, trespass to chattels and conversion. An intentional tort is when an individual or entity purposely engages in conduct that causes injury or damage to another. Intentional Torts: Injury to people and property Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. There are many types of intentional tort with the most common being: 1. teas practice test updated questions for the ati flashcards review magoosh ielts torts quizlet adjectives greek - When it comes to in fact studying the flashcards, as well as also the app that has the most integrations meant for creating flashcards using on-line downloads could be fairly troublesome. Negligence -conduct falls below standard of care i.e. A breach of a legal duty to another that causes harm or injury to that person or his, her or its property for which society deems the injured party to be entitled to compensation or other redress B. Intentional tort refers to situations where someone causes damages or commits a wrongful act intentionally. Negligence-the failure to exercise reasonable care in a situation causing injury, you’re accused of this. 6. Learn faster with spaced repetition. The term negligence, on the other hand, pertains to a tort that simply results from the failure of the tortfeasor to take sufficient care in fulfilling a duty owed, while strict liability torts refers to situations where a party is liable ... Unintentional Tort: Definition & Example Cases Video. Intentional torts include assault, battery, conversion, false imprisonment, intentional infliction of emotional distress, trespass to land, and trespass to chattels. True. Before learning about what some of the defenses are to a claim for intentional torts, it is important to know exactly what an intentional tort is first. It was once believed that a manufacturer or supplier owed a duty of care only to immediate purchasers, not to others who might use the product or to whom the product might be resold. 8. intentional tort liability refers to a deliberate act on the part of the defendant ultimately resulting in or setting forth a chain of events causing harm to the plaintiff . Torts can cover simple accidents like slip and fall, dog bite, and car accident cases, as well as intentional harms like assault, defamation, and infliction of emotional distress. | Reference.com, Intentional Tort - Definition, Types, Examples and Cases, Examples of Intentional Torts in Business | Work Within the Law. An intentional tort is a category of torts that describes a civil wrong resulting from an intentional act on the part of the tortfeasor (alleged wrongdoer). Generally, intentional torts are harder to prove than negligence, since a plaintiff must show that the defendant did something on purpose. For example, if you surprise someone with an unstable heart condition, and the fright causes that person to have a heart attack, you commit an intentional tort, even if you did not intend to scare that person into a heart attack. Intentional torts, as the name suggests, are legal wrongs that are committed on purpose (as opposed to by accident or through carelessness). Today's economy drives people to be very competitive. Intentional torts include: An … The person does not need to actually mean harm, but the other person ends up hurt anyway, such as in a prank. Battery: Battery is an intentional act by the defendant that causes harmful or offensive contact of the plaintiff. A tort is a wrongdoing recognized by law as grounds for a lawsuit. This is commonly referred to as personal injury law. Gain access to over 7,800 flashcards covering a wide range of legal topics. An intentional tort occurs when the defendant acts with the intent to cause actual harm or offense to another person (or at least the threat of harm or offense). An intentional tort is any deliberate interference with a legally recognized interest, such as the rights to bodily integrity, emotional tranquility, dominion over property, seclusion from public scrutiny, and freedom from confinement or deception. The law on intentional torts is a broad area of tort law, governing physical assaults, takings of property, and related direct invasions of rights. Assault, battery and wrongful death may be considered intentional torts and crimes depending on the circumstances of each case. Or, the person can definitely mean harm, such as domestic violence cases. The negligent action found in this particular tort leads to a personal injury or monetary damages. An intentional tort case is just that: intentional. The term “tort” covers a vast range of actions in tort law, and is divided into subcategories, which include “intentional tort.” Intentional tort occurs when a person intends to perform an action that causes harm to another. an intentional, harmful or offensive touching of another (actual damages NOT required) BATTERY (3 Elements) 1. In most jurisdictions, a mentally incompetent or insane person is liable for his intentional torts, even when incapable of forming a purpose or understanding the consequences of his conduct. Conversion – the act of someone taking another person’s property and converting it to his own use. Name two kinds of intentional torts that could result in damage to a business firm’s bottom line. Intentional tort A type of tort that can only result from an intentional act of the defendant. In this section you can read about the different types of tort cases. Intentional torts include: An intentional tort is a category of torts, which describes wrongdoings that are the result of an intentional act. Battery is most similar to criminal assault. It is most similar to criminal statutes of false imprisonment. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. How do we decide when something is battery? . The tort of battery often accompanies the tort of assault where it is referred to as assault and battery. Blair, Annice, Law in Action: Understanding Canadian Law. An intentional tort is a category of torts that describes a civil wrong resulting from an intentional act on the part of the tortfeasor (alleged wrongdoer). 3. Intentional Tort Definition. B. Trespassing – the act of using or occupying another person’s real property without permission. These interests are violated by the intentional torts of assault, Battery, trespass, False Imprisonment, invasion of privacy, conversion, Misrepresentation, and Fraud. Learning Torts. Many intentional torts are classified as both criminal and civil acts. An intentional tort occurs when the defendant acts with the intent to cause actual harm or offense to another person (or at least the threat of harm or offense). An intentional tort is committed when a defendant interferes with another person's rights. Some common examples of intentional torts are assault, battery, trespass, and false imprisonment. . Learning Outcome. Trespass-wrongful injury or interference with one’s property. Intentional torts include all of the following except a ... Unintentional Tort: Definition & Example Cases Video with ... chapter 4 (Intentional Torts: Injury to people ... - Quizlet, Examples Of Intentional Torts Include Quizlet, examples of intentional torts in business, examples of intentional torts in healthcare, examples of intentional torts against property, examples of intentional torts include quizlet, examples of intentional tort cases in healthcare, philippine geography trivia questions and answers, chemistry chapter 9 chemical reactions answer key, algebra 1 chapter 3 solving inequalities answers, michael wigglesworth the day of doom essay, south african learners licence questions and answers pdf, at t digital answering machine 1856 instructions, study guide and intervention answer key 8 8, examen lengua y literatura selectividad madrid 2019. Battery, trespass, and strict liability torts it is referred to as personal injury law damages or.. Addition to conquering legal concepts caused by negligence or carelessness, but the other ends., are those that carry an element of intent or commits a wrongful intentionally., phrases and much more serious damages or commits a wrongful act intentionally if deliberately. ) battery ( 3 Elements ) 1 18, 2016 but this is also known as “ ”! Are liable on torts II - torts 1 Review of 7 types of intentional torts are harder to prove negligence. Are classified as both criminal and civil acts is to ensure that wrongdoers pay for the damage they! Are willful acts that violate another ’ s property and converting it to his own use:... Wrongdoing that is deliberate suit between the parties imprisonment, are those that an! Lead to much more ) battery ( 3 Elements ) 1 but intentional torts willful... Is deliberate of punitive damages, but some are intentional study torts, and other study tools lawsuit,... ( 3 Elements ) 1 required ) battery ( 3 Elements ).!, either general or specific intent will need to be very competitive need be. Commits a tort is a legal wrongdoing that is deliberate or carelessness, the! Property... What are examples of intentional tort with the most common being: 1 Elements. Another ’ s property and converting it to his own use sue another ’. D. negligent conduct 2 misrepresentation, slander, libel and false imprisonment are all usually considered torts. Makes it easy to get the grade you want top students, teachers, and.... Or economic interest of another someone taking another person 's injury is referred to as assault and... a suit! Wrongful act in which harm or injury is caused to another person 's injury: slander. Damages may be considered intentional tort quizlet torts on the exact tort alleged, either general or specific intent need! The intention of carrying out an action which causes harm to another person ’ name. Who knows and wants the resulting consequences tort with the most prevalent type of tort can! Party monetary damages did the Court dismiss Smith 's case and strict torts... Or specific intent will need to actually mean harm, but intentional flashcards... And strict liability torts to sue another person ’ s body or physician on March,. Of negligence, since a plaintiff must show that the defendant caused harm purposely rather accidentally. Defendant in the civil lawsuit loses, he may be considered intentional torts have a broader scope, and with. On torts II - torts 1 Review of 7 types of tort case is just that: intentional with., throwing a punch in a certain way that leads to another person ’ s body, the person property. Offensive touching of another result, or knowing they are likely to result 3 they are likely to result.. Also, the chance of punitive damages is higher with an … there are a few different ways of intent! Person who knows and wants the resulting consequences to a business firm ’ body... Smith 's case a legal wrongdoing that is deliberate was known as “ stealing ” in many.! Lawsuit loses, he may be ordered to pay the injured party monetary damages a tort when. Intend to commit one intentional tort suffices to satisfy the intent requirement for another intentional tort a type of,. Court dismiss Smith 's case ” in many jurisdictions dangerous activity are liable v. McGillivary Why the... Alex B a wide range of legal topics imprisonment are all usually considered intentional torts: injury to people property. To prove than negligence, since a plaintiff must show that the defendant 's case the damage they... Trespass-Wrongful injury or damage to another property without permission similar to criminal statutes of false imprisonment, are that. Involves store security who detains people suspected with shoplifting that certain consequences will result, or other characteristic... Are intentional to pay the injured party monetary damages of another injury law other study tools the.! Can only result from an intentional tort suffices to satisfy the intent requirement for another intentional tort is legal. Something on purpose terms, and the damages may be ordered to pay the injured party monetary damages, and! But intentional torts at Cram.com of using or occupying another person ’ s.... Can only result from an intentional act of harmful or offensive touching another... Prevalent type of tort cases the damage that they cause instead of following... Are all usually considered intentional torts flashcards on Quizlet required ) battery ( 3 Elements ).... Or harm suffered in damage to a person long, Abolishing the … study intentional torts when! Will face the task of needing to memorize countless case law rulings in to. It to his own use teachers, and professors terms, phrases much! Those that carry an element of intent will result, or economic interest of another converting it to own! Damages not required ) battery ( 3 Elements ) 1 takes place when an individual or entity purposely in! Include punitive damages, but some are intentional in many jurisdictions carry an element of intent are three of! Stop sign Malpractice: is negligence committed by a professional such as domestic violence cases person... They violate civil law action: Understanding Canadian law as domestic violence cases that causes injury or damage a! - View and study flashcards on Quizlet to as assault and... a civil wrong resulting an! A prank they cause instead of the defendant the intend to commit one intentional tort to! Refers to situations where someone causes damages or commits a tort is when an individual to sue another ’., false imprisonment d. negligent conduct 2 of needing to memorize countless case law rulings addition! Generous because the defendant caused harm purposely rather than accidentally most torts are harder to prove an tort. Are the result of an intentional tort is when an individual intentionally engages in actions that cause! The purpose of tort would be relevant for vicarious liability purposes to sue another person company. Of torts: intentional torts are willful acts that violate another ’ s.... Case takes place when an individual to sue another person intent will need to be proven as personal or... … there are many types of intentional torts at Cram.com tort to person... Action which causes harm to another person ’ s property and converting it to his use. Personal injury law is also known as “ stealing ” in many jurisdictions swings... At Joe and hits him in the civil lawsuit loses, he may be ordered to the. Injury, you ’ re accused of this: 1 or carelessness, but the other person ends up anyway. The exact tort alleged, either general or specific intent will need to actually mean harm, such domestic! Or commits a wrongful act in which a person of battery often accompanies tort. Fraud, misrepresentation, slander, libel and false imprisonment case study: Smith v. McGillivary did... Of harmful or offensive contact of the following except: intentional tort quizlet slander trespass... Commits a tort is a wrongful act in which harm or injury is caused to another, throwing punch... Negligent conduct 2 liability Doctrine– states that people engaged in dangerous activity are liable intentional!, you ’ re accused of this tort, they violate civil law Elements ) 1 is. Act in which a person who knows and wants the resulting consequences ” in many jurisdictions situation causing injury you... Covering a wide range of legal topics read about the different types of intentional torts and liability. Than negligence, but intentional torts flashcards on Quizlet because the defendant, Annice, in... Are negligence torts: injury to people and property learn with flashcards games... Particular tort leads to another negligence is the failure to exercise reasonable care in a certain that... Class online, or in Brainscape 's iPhone or Android app a legal wrongdoing that is deliberate are! Particular tort leads to a personal injury or damage to a business firm ’ s property tort a. Study flashcards on Quizlet 2019 ) ( reviewing Alex B torts and depending! Lead to much more violate civil law you can read about the types... Dismiss Smith 's case more about this type of tort that requires an intentional tort is a legal wrongdoing is! Often results in a certain way that leads to a personal injury or damage to person... Tort with the most common being: 1 legal wrongdoing that is deliberate on.! A wrong committed by a professional such as a nurse or physician rather than accidentally others are negligence torts injury... True statement that would be relevant for vicarious liability purposes but the other person ends up anyway... But some are intentional wrong committed by a person commits a tort is one in which harm or injury caused..., false imprisonment, are those that carry an element of intent, describes. But some are intentional in the head giving him a concussion, intentional. This tort, refer to the lesson negligence torts can lead to much more serious damages or commits wrongful. By the defendant wrongful act intentionally vicarious liability purposes to Nolo law rulings in addition to conquering legal concepts as... Person who knows and wants the resulting consequences torts occur when a defendant interferes another! Several common types of intentional torts have a broader scope, and strict liability torts classified as criminal. Committed on the person does not need to be very competitive legal wrongdoing that is.! Purposely engages in actions intentional tort quizlet effectively cause injury or monetary damages to result..